Posts Tagged ‘phrases’
This is an English preparation lesson about honesty, lies and deception.
Most people tell white lies, small untruths that help to save trouble or avoid upsetting someone. How often do we tell white lies? It depends in part on our age, education, and even where we live. According to one study, honesty increases as we get older. While most people use little white lies to make life easier, the majority of people care about honesty in both public and personal life. They believe that ‘honesty is the best policy’.
This is the preparation material for an English conversation lesson about fear and being afraid. There are many different words we can use to describe the feeling of being afraid. In this lesson, you can learn nine of the most common adjectives that describe this feeling. You can also discover some of the phrasal verbs and idioms that we use to talk about fear. Finally, learn how to respond to some of the most frequently asked conversation questions on this topic.
A person who is caught red-handed is discovered in the middle of committing a crime or doing something wrong. It is usually related to stealing but can also be used by a parent who finds their child eating their way through a box of chocolates.
Example: He tried to steal from the shop but he was caught red-handed.
Did you know...? This idiom originated in the 14th century when the act of killing another man's animal and selling the meat was a common crime. If a person was caught with the blood of a freshly killed animal on their hands this was considered proof of their guilt.
The expression 'money doesn't grow on trees' means that money does not come easily or without effort; you should be careful how much money you spend because there is only a limited amount.
Example: 'Dad, can I have a new bike?' 'We can't afford one. Money doesn't grow on trees you know.'
When Tony was younger, his father told him that money doesn’t grow on trees, and that he would have to work hard if he wanted to be rich.'
Did you know...? There is a Japanese proverb that states that, contrary to the above idiom, money can grow on trees. The proverb states: Money grows on the tree of persistence. In other words, if you keep trying and never give up, money will come to you.
A 'lump sum' is a large amount of money you pay or receive all at once rather than in increments over a period of time.
Examples: You will receive a tax-free lump sum of $50,000 at retirement age.
Would you like to repay the amount in installments or as one lump sum?
Did you know...? The origin of the phrase 'lump sum' comes from one of the meanings of the word 'lump', which is: 'not broken or divided into parts'. If we 'lump' people together, it means we put them together in a single group.
If someone wants to 'have their cake and eat it too', they want everything their way. It sometimes suggests that someone is not willing to compromise even when conflicts exist.
Examples: I worked at home so I could raise my family and still earn money. It let me have my cake and eat it too.
This idiom is often used in the negative: 'you can't have your cake and eat it too'
Example: If you want a senior consultant to work here, you must pay the salary she demands. You cannot have your cake and eat it too.
Similar idiom: An idiom with a similar meaning is: 'You can't have it both ways'.
To 'win by a nose' means to win by a very small amount.
Example: I ran the fastest race I could, but I only won by a nose.
Sally won the race, but she only won by a nose
Did you know...? This idiom comes from horseracing, where from about 1900 on it referred to a finish so close that only the tip of the horse's nose reached the finish ahead of the second horse.
There is a similar idiom with the same meaning - to 'win by a whisker'.
It's 'raining cats and dogs' means it is raining very heavily.
Example: You should take an umbrella with you, it is raining cats and dogs out there!
The weather was horrible yesterday. It was raining cats and dogs all day.
Did you know...? This phrase originated in 17th century England. Very heavy rain would occasionally wash dead animals through the street. The animals didn't fall from the sky of course, but the sight of dead cats and dogs being washed down the street with the rain caused people to joke that it must have been raining cats and dogs.